During 20-30 August 2018, the ten member farmers and officials from FMIST, Nepal visited Thailand to learn improved agriculture practices and to exchange experiences and ideas towards rural development. The objectives were:
- Exchange experiences between two countries in the field of rural development and social activities.
- Expose Nepal participants to socio cultural activities and rural development in Thailand
- Expose future possibilities for establishing joint programs between two countries
Day-1 (August 21, 2018)
Meeting with staff members and dean of PSDS, Rangsit Campus, Thammasat University. The program started with self introduction and orientation about study exchange program in Thailand for Nepal participants.
PSDS Dean Dr. Jitti Mongkolnachaiarunya presented in detail on “Socio, Economic, and Political situations in Thailand”. He also explained about Dr. Puey Ungphakorn and his contribution to Rural Development. The Puey Ungphakorn School of Development Studies (PSDS) was named in memory of Dr. Puey.
Senior Advisor of NGO and CSO movement of Thailand and board of trustee PSDS, Mr. Dej Poomkacha explained about the Rural Reconstruction in Thailand. The role of NGOs (Non Government Organization) for rural development in Thailand.
Nepal Delegate Team Leader, Mr. Rajendra Bir Joshi presented about FMIST, team members and objective of visit in Thailand. He handed over 7 set of books published by FMIST/Nepal to Dean Dr. Jitti for Thammasat University Library.
Nepal participants and staff members of PSDS visited “The Golden Jubilee Museum of Agriculture Office”. This is a Public Organization. The Museum has demonstration of life and livelihood of rural people in Thailand. The highlights of Museum are organic vegetable farming, livestock keeping and rice seedlings transplanting by throwing to field.
Day-2 (August 22, 2018)
We started from hotel early in the morning and visited “Learning Center for Farmers” at Baan Phan Klong, Dontoom District, Nakhon Pathom Province. The community leader Ms. Champee explained about organic farming system. She took us around the agriculture field and collection center. Before cultivation, the farmers and entrepreneurs (e.g. department store) fix the price of agriculture product. The products from farm are processed and classified in three different grades. The Grade-A farm product sell it to Departmental Store for high price, Grade-B to Local Restaurant and Grade-C for local consumption for least price. We stayed overnight in Bang Maemay Homestay, Bang Plama District.
Day-3 (August 23, 2018)
In the morning we travelled to Haad Tanong Municipality, Utai Thani Province. The total agriculture land of 6200 Acre is located in between two rivers Sekaikraun and Javai. They have two crops 1st Paddy (May to Aug.) and 2nd Paddy (4th week of Sept. to Nov.) in flooding area of 2000 Acre. The farmers make decision of 1st Paddy plantation before flooding in September. The paddy variety is gorkor-41 and selling seeds for Bhat 12000 per ton. Mr. Muan Kiewubon is the community leader of 60 farmers in group. The government of Thailand provides agriculture Machineries for the group and agriculture service center provides technical supports.
In the afternoon we visited Agriculture College, Integrated Farm Thai Knowledge of Animal Science Department. The highlights of the college farm were Buffalo Farm, Cow Farm and Goat Farm. We stayed overnight in Topland Hotel, Pitsanuloke Province.
Day-4 (August 24, 2018)
In the morning we had a city tour including Budha temple and Thawee Museum. We visited Banana Cultivation Farm and Dried Banana Selling Group, Jirapor Food Corporation. Maliont variety Banana of 110days was popular. The Jirapor food Company is producing organic banana and dry banana in packets. The drying of green banana in Solar Green House was a success story in Thailand. Overnight in Seeharaj Hotel, Uttaradit Province.
Day-5 (August 25, 2018)
In the morning we travelled to Baan Sapae, JaeHom District, Lampane Province. In this area, we visited hill irrigation system. We had interaction with local farmers about water management. Mr. Kong Bun Chote is the community leader who explained more about the system. The Monks and Community leader were the key persons helping farmers for agriculture development. The farmers have built series of Dams across the river to store water for agriculture. The area is now famous for Bitter Guard Seed. They are selling it for $50.0 per kg to India. The collect Bhat 100 per Acre as a Irrigation Service Fee for maintaining their system. They have supports from non government agency like SVG (Cement Manufacturing Company) business enterprise helping local farmers in technology and development works.
The CSR (Community Social Responsibility) has great role in Thailand for Rural Development. Overnight in Huandalha Resort in Lampoon Province.
Day-6 (August 26, 2018)
We travelled to Chian Mai Province. In the afternoon, we visited Nong Tao Village, Mae Win sub-district, MaeWang District. The traditional hill irrigation system in Thailand. Maetian Irrigation system was initiated 400 years ago by local farmers. There are 4 check Dams across the river for 1000 Acre land for Rice cultivation. The system covers 3000 Acre land. The main crops are Rice, Vegetables, Flower and maize.
Day-7 (August 27, 2018)
A whole day city tour in Chiang Mai. We stayed overnight in B2 Airport Hotel in Chiang Mai.
Day-8 (August 28, 2018)
Morning we travelled back to Bangkok by flight. In the afternoon we visited different places in Bangkok including Beach walk in Pataya.
Day-9 (August 29, 2018)
Program at Thammasat University, Ta Prachan Campus
Morning Session – Sharing information on Nepali Farming System
The program started with self introduction of Nepal participants, Students and Faculty Members of Thammasat University, Ta Prachan Campus. There were about 50 participants. The highlights of program are:
- Introduction to Nepal and FMIST By Rajendra Bir Joshi
- Bagkhor I.S., surkhet, Video clip about Hill Irrigation in Nepal
- Dan B Rayamajhi & Bhola Acharya about their Irrigation System and Agriculture
- Damaodar Khadka – present and past about RJK I. S.
- Shambu Dulal – about NFWUAN and its role for WUAs in Nepal
- Video Clip, Raju Maharjan – sprouted fodder for cattle
- T P Devkota & Ms R Pariyar – Ag. Cooperative and MUS for smallholder farmers
- Mr. R B Karki – about Kalleritar I.S. and agriculture
Question and Answer: followed by students and answered by R.B.Joshi
Afternoon Session – Wrap-up
Dr. Jitti Mongkolnchaiarunyu, Dean PSDS had discussion as to how further collaborative programs can be organized in future. It is agreed that in the early part of 2019, faculty members and farmers from Thailand will visit to Nepal.
List of Participants from Nepal
- Mr. Rajendra Bir Joshi, Senior Divisional Engineer in Department of Irrigation. He is member of FMIST. He is team leader
- Mr. Samundra Sigdel, Field Research Support and Treasurer of FMIST.
- Mr. Ram Bahadur Karki, Chairman of Water Users Association of Kalleritar Irrigation Systems, they grow paddy and vegetables. Hill irrigation system. He is also teacher in local school. Worked hard to rehabilitate canal after2015 Nepal Earthquake. They grow hybrid paddy in the command area of the irrigation system.
- Mrs. Raj Kumari Pariyar, Multiple Water Use System (MUS). Drinking water system is also used for vegetable cultivation. She is social mobilizer in the village.
- Mr. Sambhu Dulal, farmer. Member Secretary of Nepal Federation of Irrigation Water Users Association having membership of over 3000WUAs, Semi-politician
- Mr. Damodar Khadka, Farmer and member of WUA from one of the largest farmer Managed irrigation systems commanding 15000 ha. Speak English, vegetarian,
- Mr. Bhola Acharya, member of WUA of one of the large FMIS in Kapilbastu district, Vegetarian(diabetics patience)
- Mr.Dan Bahadur Rayamajhi, Chairman of Julfetar Irrigation System, Nawalparasi. Active and very reasonable person. Villagers listen to him.
- Mr. Devkota, from Lumle Vegetable marketing cooperatives. They have cooperative Bank as well. He belongs to a village where they have vegetable cultivation from MUS (multiple water use system,)
- Mr. Maharjan, he is engaged in Cow Farming in Kathmandu valley.